Current Affairs


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Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment
Guarantee Act, 2005 (MGNREGA):
Demand-driven & Right-based program.

Why in News?

Budget progressively came down from 2021 but increased in 2024.

Key Provisions of MGNREGA:

» Eligibility Criteria: Includes citizenship, 18+ age, rural household status, and willingness to do unskilled work.

» Application must be made with local Gram Panchayat.

» Guaranteed Employment: Ensures 100 days of unskilled employment.

» Wages: Varies state to state; Rs. 234 (lowest) to Rs. 374 (Highest)

» Unemployment Allowance: If work is not assigned within 15 days. It is at least one-fourth of the minimum wage for the first 30 days & half of the minimum wage thereafter.

Category of works:

→ Water conservation and water harvesting

→ Drought proofing, plantation and afforestation

→ Irrigation canals, Micro and minor irrigation works

→ Renovation of traditional water bodies

→ Land development, flood control and protection

→ Rural connectivity