Current Affairs

Gulf of Tonkin

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Why in News?

China draws Gulf of Tonkin baseline allegedly violating international law

About Gulf of Tonkin:

Situated northwest arm of the South China Sea, bounded by China (north and east), Hainan Island (east), and northern Vietnam (west).

⇒ The gulf is 300 miles (500 km) long, 150 miles (250 km) wide, and up to 230 feet (70 metres) deep.

⇒ The main shipping route is via the Hainan Strait, between China and Hainan Island.

⇒ The gulf receives the Red River, and its main ports include Ben Thuy and Haiphong in northern Vietnam and Beihai (Pakhai) in China.

Gulf of Tonkin (UPSC)