Current Affairs

Chabahar Port

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Why in News?

The new 10 years agreement between India & Iran to develop Chabahar Pot not exempt from Iran Sanctions: US

• It is located on the Makran coast, Chabahar in southeastern Iran.

• Its location lies in the Gulf of Oman.

• This coast is a relatively underdeveloped free trade and industrial zone, especially when compared to the sprawling port of Bandar Abbas further west.

• Also, it is the only Iranian port with direct access to the ocean.

Significance of Chabahar Port:

• It gives a boost to India’s bilateral ties with Iran which is a major oil supplier for India.

• It will give India access to Afghanistan, Russia and Europe, thus circumventing Pakistan.

The port and the rail project (Chabahar to Zahedan to Zarang near Afghanistan border) will enhance connectivity, energy supplies and trade 

• The port is also a key link in the International North South Transport Corridor (INSTC), a multi-modal network of ships, rail and road routes to move freight between India to Russia via Iran.

Significance of Chabahar Port:

• It will facilitate India’s role in Afghanistan’s development through infrastructure and education projects.

• It is the nearest port to India on the Iranian coast, which provides access to the resources and markets of Afghanistan and Central Asia.

• It is located 76 nautical miles (less than 150km) west of the Pakistani port of Gwadar, being developed by China; this makes it ideal
for keeping track of Chinese or Pakistani military activity based
out of Gwadar.

Chabahar Port (UPSC)